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In the fifth lesson we will look at some very basic pleasantries you can use in
daily conversation, dealing with health and wellness. This might seem a bit
old-fashioned, but especially during the cold winter months in the North it is
quite applicable, even for young people.
5.01 How is your health? - sentence pattern for a basic conversational pleasantry
A more direct translation of this phrase would be "Is your health good?"This is a polite question that is asked when we assume that the other person is in fact well. If we know that the person has recently been sick, or looks sick at the moment, there are other questions we can ask to show a greater degree of awareness or concern. We will study these in later units.
5.02 I am also...
A little more about 也 yě:
也 yě is an adverb that introduces additional information. It does this in two ways, one by introducing additional information about a subject, and the second by stating a similarity between two different subjects. So far, we have only seen the second type, but as new verbs get introduced in later lessons we will see the first type more and more.
大学生 dàxuéshēng university student is made by combining 大 dà big with 学生 xuéshēng student. On its own, 大学 dàxué means university
5.03 How is your health? - dialogue between two people of different social status
马特 Mǎtè shows his respect for 张老师 Zhāng lǎoshī by using the respectful form of the pronoun you, 您 nín, as well as by using the teacher's title, 老师 lǎoshī while speaking to her.
你呢？ Nǐ ne? can be translated as And you? Follow up questions with 呢 ne are used to ask the same question as the preceding question, but about another subject or object.
身体 shēntǐ means health. On its own, 身 shēn means body.
谢谢 xièxie means thank you. Adding a pronoun to the end makes it more polite, as in 谢谢你 xièxie nǐ.
再见 zàijiàn means good bye, although it literally means see you again.
5.04 See you tomorrow! - dialogue between two people of equal social status
再见 zàijiàn is the most common way to say goodbye, it literally means "see you again". There are other ways to say goodbye used when speakers have a more or less particular time they expect to see each other again. 明天见 Míngtiān jiàn, meaning See you tomorrow, is one of these expressions.
明天 Míngtiān means tomorrow. On its own, 明 Míng means bright and is the same 明 Míng as in The Ming Dynasty. 天 tiān means sky.
5.05 The Horrors of Pronunciation
A Transcribe the characters below into pinyin
B Translate the following sentences
C Fill in the blanks
D Convert the following sentences into pinyin
E Circle the pinyin for the character
F Rearrange the words into complete sentences
G Match the words with the translation
H Count the number of times the following characters appear